Equestrian factbox for Athens 2004
Posted: Tuesday July 6, 2004 10:20PM; Updated: Tuesday July 6, 2004 10:20PM
ATHENS, July 7 (Reuters) -- Factbox on equestrian events at the August 13-29 Athens Olympics:
Chariot races and horse riding appeared in Greece's ancient Games but most of the equestrian programme which will be followed in Athens evolved in the 20th century.
Jumping was the first equestrian discipline included in the Olympics, in Paris in 1900. It was left off the programme for the following two editions of the Games but reappeared, with dressage and three-day eventing, at the 1912 Games in Stockholm. The three disciplines have been Olympic fixtures ever since.
Dressage began as a method of training for military horses. Only commissioned cavalry officers were allowed to compete in equestrian events until 1952 when the sport was opened up to civilians, including women for the first time.
Equestrian is the only Olympic sport in which men and women compete as equals, and in which animals and humans work as a team.
All events are for individuals and teams.
Dressage: Often described as horses performing ballet, dressage consists of three rounds in which the horse performs movements, or tests, in response to its rider's signals. In the first two rounds, horse and rider perform a set routine of dressage movements. The third round is freestyle, with routines individually choreographed and performed to music. The scoring is done by judges.
Jumping: Horse and rider complete a course of some 15 obstacles, including triple bars, parallel rails, water jumps and simulated stone walls. Penalties are incurred if jumps are taken in the wrong order, if a horse refuses a jump or knocks a rail, and if time limits are exceeded.
Eventing: Combines the disciplines of dressage and jumping, and adds a third competition of riding a cross-country course which tests endurance.
Three-Day Team Event: Australia (Phillip Dutton/House
Doctor, Andrew Hoy/Darien
Three-day individual event: David O'Connor/Custom Made
Team dressage: Germany (Isabelle Werth/Gigolo, Nadine
Salzgeber/Rusty, Alexandra Simons de
Team show jumping: Germany (Ludger Beerbaum, Lars Nieberg,
Otto Becker, Marcus Ehning)
Individual dressage: Anky van Grunsven/Bonfire (Netherlands)
Individual show jumping: Jeroen Dubbeldam/Sjiem
August 15: Individual eventing dressage
Team eventing dressage
August 16: Individual eventing dressage
Team eventing dressage
August 17: Individual eventing cross-country
Team eventing cross-country
August 18: Individual eventing jumping qualifier
Team eventing jumping final
Individual eventing jumping final
August 20: Team dressage
August 21: Team dressage
August 22: Individual jumping first qualifier
August 23: Individual dressage
August 24: Team jumping final
Individual jumping second and third qualifiers
August 25: Individual dressage final
August 27: Individual jumping final
Markopoulo Equestrian Centre in southeast Athens.
Accommodates 6,170 spectators for the dressage, 7,780 for jumping and 13,100 for cross country.
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