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Posted: Tuesday August 18, 2009 12:40PM; Updated: Tuesday August 18, 2009 3:17PM
Ted Keith Ted Keith >

It's dangerous business, but sadly beanballs are probably here to stay

Story Highlights

This past week marked the 89th anniversary of Ray Chapman's beanball death

MLB higher-ups refuse to effectively prevent such ugly incidents from occurring

Beanballs may be too ingrained to ever be fully eradicated

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Rick Porcello and Kevin Youkilis
Incidents like this scuffle between Rick Porcello and Kevin Youkilis give the game a black eye.
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Ted Keith will answer select questions from users in his Baseball Mailbag.

The batter's box is where hitters are supposed to go to come alive, not where they go to die. But on Aug. 16, 1920, a pitch from Carl Mays of the New York Yankees smashed into the temple of the Cleveland Indians' Ray Chapman, crushing his skull. Chapman died in the early morning hours of Aug. 17.

That day, the New York Times reported, "Although there is some bitterness against Mays among some of the Cleveland players, manager [Tris] Speaker, in a telephone conversation with Colonel T.L. Huston, part owner of the New York club, said he and his clubmates would do everything in their power to suppress this feeling. 'It is the duty of all of us,' said Speaker, 'of all the players, not only for the good of the game, but also out of respect to the poor fellow who was killed, to suppress all bitter feeling.' "

Speaker's words had the desired effect, temporarily at least. When the Yankees and Indians resumed their series two days after Chapman's beaning, not a single Yankees batter was hit by a pitch. The restraint didn't last. Soon enough, the game was back to the all-but-lawless ways that have governed similar encounters with an eye-for-an-eye vengeance that is, just as potentially devastating and ultimately pointless back then as it is now.

No major league player since Chapman has been killed by a pitch, but hundreds have suffered everything from concussions and broken bones to severe bruising and emotional trauma. Baseball may not be deadly, but it is still dangerous, and nothing in the game is more dangerous than the beanball. Amid a recent rise in beanball wars, the game is coming across as dangerously unregulated.

This past week marked the 89th anniversary of Chapman's death, and it came as two new twists made beanballs an especially hot topic. The first was the announcement that Rawlings was on the verge of releasing a batting helmet that can reportedly withstand the force of a 100 mph fastball, a significant upgrade from current models. The second was the beaning of Mets All-Star third baseman David Wright, who took a 94 mph pitch from the Giants' Matt Cain off his helmet, suffering a concussion and landing on the disabled list.

The new helmet arrived too late to help Wright, but it could be just in time to help prevent similar experiences. He isn't the first player to be hit in the head this year (Edgar Gonzalez of the A's, Jeff Francoeur of the Mets, and Ian Kinsler of the Rangers, to name a few, have also been beaned), but his instance was the most frightening. Wright immediately fell to the ground, lying face-down in the batter's box, a disturbing scene that called to mind some of the more frightening beanings in baseball history (see Conigliaro, Tony and Piazza, Mike).

With Wright writhing in pain, it was uncertain what kind of damage had been done to the Mets' franchise player, but it was certain that the Mets would retaliate. And Johan Santana did just that, not once but twice; first by throwing behind Pablo Sandoval, and then, after Sandoval homered, smoking Bengie Molina on the elbow -- a not-so-subtle lapse in control for a man who had hit only two other batters all year long.

Santana made no effort to hide the fact that he was deliberately targeting the Giants best hitters. "I feel like I have to protect my teammates," he said with a shrug after the game. "If you have been around the game long enough and know how it is, then I don't have to explain. All I do is protect my teammates the right way. That's it."

That is all a part of baseball's "code." On Friday, Mets pitcher Livan Hernandez was asked if he had ever thrown at a hitter on purpose. "Many times," he answered readily. "You always have to take care of the guys on your team. That's what's most important."

Mets outfielder Gary Sheffield said there were times when he played with the expansion Marlins when "we had to ask" to be protected, because the plethora of young players was not yet schooled in the fine art of retaliation. Sheffield, not often known as the voice of reason, also had his own thoughts on how pitchers who throw at hitters should be punished. "[Suspensions] should be based on starts not days," he said. "If you're going to have the courage to hit somebody, then either no one can jump in [to defend you during a fight] or you get two starts." Sheffield has been a frequent bulls-eye in his career. "Pedro [Martinez] threw behind me when I was with the Yankees. They wanted to send a message because I had hit a home run off him," he said. "I knew it was on purpose, but I didn't really think it was warranted."

Purpose pitches are virtually never warranted, but they also aren't going away. Shamefully, neither is the self-policing mentality adopted by players, managers and coaches to mete out justice according to their own rules. Players can live by their code, but that doesn't mean major league baseball ought to accept such vigilante justice as appropriate. The only thing more disturbing than the dramatic overreaction by pitchers to "protect" their teammates is the dramatic under-reaction by the game's powers that fail to effectively prevent such incidents from occurring in the first place. In the place of scattered logic and inconsistent rulings, there ought to be legitimate sanctions and genuine disincentive.

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