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Posted: Thursday January 14, 2010 11:46AM; Updated: Thursday January 14, 2010 12:15PM
Sky Andrecheck

The case for the reserve clause (cont.)

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Tim Lincecum
Tim Lincecum has made a little over $1 million in a three-year career that includes two Cy Young awards.
Brad Mangin/Sports Illustrated

However, instead of the complicated system of hard caps, soft caps, salary floors, Larry Bird exceptions, restricted free agents, sign-and-trades, etc., that are used to control player movement and competitive balance in the other leagues, baseball could do better by returning to the old-fashioned reserve clause, with MLB owners simply giving a lump sum to the Players Association. The players would then be free to divide up their considerable compensation any way they see fit. One option would be to have the players themselves rank each other's contributions from the previous season. They could then give the highest-rated player the most cash (say, $30 million), and use a sliding salary scale down to the league minimum (which could be whatever they wanted). The best players in a given season would make the most money and the worst players would make the least. Simple. Meanwhile, individual teams and players wouldn't have to worry about complex contract negotiations and free agency.

The new system of compensation would mean that fans would never have to hear a player whining about his contract. If a player didn't like his salary he would have only his own poor performance to blame. It would also solve the problem of highly inequitable salaries. Players would make a salary in proportion to their production, and no one would ever be vastly underpaid or overpaid. Not only would such a simple system make sense from a public relations standpoint, but it would also give players peace of mind to know that they would be paid fairly. As it stands now, an outstanding young player such as Tim Lincecum (total MLB earnings: $1.1 million) is one injury away from being out of baseball and never cashing in on his great performances that include two Cy Young awards in his first three years with a lucrative long-term deal. (Lincecum is up for arbitration for the first time this offseason.) However, in the alternate scenario, he would already have been paid handsomely for his stellar season.

It also means that a player would never feel the crushing burden of being massively overpaid. Take Lincecum's rotation-mate in San Francisco, Barry Zito: He was vastly underpaid for being one of the best pitchers in baseball early in his career. He then signed a huge contract with the Giants and has disappointed, drawing the wrath of fans. Under this alternate system, Zito would still be happily toiling in Oakland, having made a mint of money during his outstanding first several seasons in the majors, and currently drawing a modest salary that reflects his drop in performance. The total amount of money he earned would probably be the same, but everyone involved would have a much greater sense of fairness -- Zito, the fans, the Giants and the A's would probably all be a lot happier.

The beauty of the reserve clause system is that it would almost completely take money out of the game. While stat wonks like me may enjoy things like calculating salary-per-win ratios, most fans (and players) would rather focus on the game itself. Any trades that would be made would be made from a baseball standpoint -- no more salary dumps and fire sales. Additionally, there would be no more drama surrounding 11th-hour contract negotiations and signing demands. All players would have to do is show up and play. No more big contract expectations to deal with or money-related distractions -- the focus would return to the field, where it belongs.

Of course, the players would never go for it (and the owners, who would be required to share their revenues by paying into a central salary fund, might not, either). Why? Players lose some choice. They would no longer have the freedom to sign wherever they want. Never mind that all but the elite players have little choice anyway. There are usually only a handful of teams that compete for a given free agent, and often only one best offer presents itself, meaning that even in free agency, the owners, not the players, are really the ones who determine where players end up. Additionally, there are plenty of free agents who might like to stay with their former club but find that their free-agent status actually forces them out. There's little doubt that Kerry Wood would have loved to remain a Cub following the 2008 season, but his free-agent status forced him to go elsewhere to get a fair payday. Under the reserve clause, Wood would still be in Chicago, earning a fair salary in proportion to his production.

To give players some protections and autonomy I would argue for giving veterans a no-trade clause and perhaps a once-in-a-career "mandatory trade" clause, which would allow a player to force a trade to escape an environment that he truly disliked. Given those caveats, I would imagine that many players might actually welcome the return to the reserve clause, as it would simplify the monetary aspect of the game and give them the peace of mind that they would be paid fairly for their performance no matter what stage of their career it comes. Additionally, players would change teams less often, enjoy improved rapport from the fans and never have to worry about a contract again. Not to mention, they could save a bundle on the considerable fees that they currently pay to their agents. With no more contract negotiations, they wouldn't need them!

Still, I don't see the Players Association going for it. Convincing the Yankees to pay into a central salary fund and give up the opportunity to steal away a CC Sabathia or A.J. Burnett from a small-market club wouldn't be easy, either. So it may be a pipe dream, but one thing is clear: The return to the reserve clause would be a victory for the fans. Clubs of all sizes would be able to compete on an equal playing field and no more would fans have to worry that their precious John Lackeys and Jason Giambis would be snatched away after just six glorious years, threatening to send their teams back to mediocrity. Fans prefer homegrown talent to hired guns, and the return to the reserve clause would mean a return to the days when a club's core could be kept together for years. Trades would still be prevalent, and in fact would likely occur more often, but by and large fans and players would be able to forge a lasting bond that would only increase the enjoyment of the game for all involved. All except for Scott Boras, that is.

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