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Hockey

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Rule 78 Defined

All you need to know about crease-rule violations

Rule 78 leaves the on-ice officials as the sole judges of whether a goal has been scored, even if an attacking player may be in the goal crease. There will be no video review of goal-related man-in-the-crease situations.

Video review remains in place to establish:

  • The correct time on the official game clock and to determine whether a puck crossed the goal line.

  • Whether a puck crossed the goal line before the goal frame was dislodged.

  • Whether a puck crossed the line before time expired.

  • Whether the puck was directed into the net by hand or foot.

  • Whether the puck deflected into the net off an official.

  • Whether the puck was directed into the net by a high stick.

    The overview of Rule 78 is a simple one: In the crease, a goalkeeper must be allowed to do his job. If an attacking player interferes with the goalkeeper in the crease, a goal may be disallowed and, in certain instances, a penalty may be called. An attacking player may not initiate unnecessary contact with the goalkeeper anywhere on the ice.

    Preamble to Rule 78

    The revised crease rule is intended to implement a "no harm, no foul, no video review" standard. The rule is based on the premise that an attacking player's position, whether inside or outside the crease, should not, by itself, determine whether a goal should be allowed or disallowed -- i.e., goals scored while attacking players are standing in the crease may, in appropriate circumstances be allowed. Goals should be disallowed only if: (1) an attacking player, either by his positioning or by contact, impairs the goalkeeper's ability to move freely within his crease or defend his goal; or (2) an attacking player initiates more than incidental contact with a goalkeeper, inside or outside of his goal crease. Incidental contact with a goalkeeper will be permitted, and resulting goals allowed, when such contact is initiated outside of the goal crease, provided the attacking player has made a reasonable effort to avoid such contact. The rule will be enforced exclusively in accordance with the on-ice judgement of the Referee(s), and not by means of video replay or review.

    Rule 78 -- Protection of Goalkeeper

    (a) If an attacking player initiates any contact with a goalkeeper, incidental or otherwise, while the goalkeeper is in his goal crease, and a goal is scored, the goal will be disallowed.

    (b) If an attacking player initiates any contact, other than incidental contact, with the goalkeeper, while the goalkeeper is outside of his goal crease, and a goal is scored, the goal will be disallowed.

    (c) In all cases in which an attacking player initiates other than incidental contact with a goalkeeper, whether or not the goalkeeper is inside or outside the goal crease, and whether or not a goal is scored, the offensive player will receive a penalty (minor or major, as the Referee deems appropriate). See also Rule 51(c) (Charging).

    Note 1: In exercising his judgment under subsections (a) and (b) above, the Referee should give more significant consideration to the degree and nature of the contact with the goalkeeper than to the exact location of the goalkeeper at the time of the contact.

    Note 2: If an attacking player has been pushed, shoved, or fouled by a defending player so as to cause him to come into contact with the goalkeeper, such contact will not be deemed to be contact initiated by the attacking player for purposes of this rule, provided the attacking player has made a reasonable effort to avoid such contact.

    Note 3: A goalkeeper is not "fair game" just because he is outside the goal crease. The appropriate penalty should be assessed in every case where an attacking player makes unnecessary contact with the goalkeeper. However, incidental contact will be permitted when the goalkeeper is in the act of playing the puck outside his goal crease provided the attacking player has made a reasonable effort to avoid such unnecessary contact.

    (d) If (i) a goalkeeper initiates contact with an offensive player who is in the goal crease; and (ii) such contact (a) is initiated by the goalkeeper in order to establish position in his goal crease; and (b) results in an impairment of the goalkeeper's ability to defend his goal, and a goal is scored, the goal will be disallowed.

    (e) If, after any contact initiated by a goalkeeper who is attempting to establish position in his goal crease, the attacking player does not immediately vacate his current position in the goal crease (i.e., give ground to the goalkeeper), and a goal is scored, the goal will be disallowed. In all such cases, whether or not a goal is scored, the offensive player will receive a minor penalty for interference.

    Note 4: The overriding rationale of subsections (d) and (e) above is that a goalkeeper should have the ability to move freely within his goal crease without being hindered by the actions of an attacking player.

    Note 5: In attempting to establish position in his goal crease, a goalkeeper who engages in acts which would otherwise warrant a penalty (e.g., cross-checking, slashing, etc.) will be assessed an appropriate penalty.

    (f)
    (g) If an attacking player establishes a significant position within the goal crease, so as to obstruct the goalkeeper's vision and impair his ability to defend his goal, and a goal is scored, the goal will be disallowed.

    Note 6: For this purpose, a player "establishes a significant position within the crease" when, in the Referee's judgment, his body, or a substantial portion thereof, is within the goal crease for more than an instantaneous period of time.

    (h) Subject to (i) below, if an attacking player enters the goal crease and, by his actions, impairs the goalkeeper's ability to defend his goal, and a goal is scored, the goal will be disallowed.

    (i) In a rebound situation, or where a goalkeeper and offensive player(s) are simultaneously attempting to play a loose puck, whether inside or outside the crease, incidental contact with the goalkeeper will be permitted, and any goal that is scored as a result thereof will be allowed.

    (j) In the event that a goalkeeper has been pushed into the net together with the puck after making a stop, the goal will be disallowed. If applicable, appropriate penalties will be assessed.

    (k) A goalkeeper who deliberately initiates contact with an attacking player other than to establish position in the crease, or who otherwise acts to create the appearance of other than incidental contact with an attacking player, is subject to the assessment of a minor penalty for unsportsmanlike conduct.

    (l) An attacking player who, in the judgment of the Referee, initiates contact with the goalkeeper, whether inside or outside the crease, in a fashion that would otherwise warrant a penalty, will be assessed an appropriate penalty (minor or major and/or a game misconduct) and will be subject to additional sanctions as appropriate pursuant to Rule 33A (Supplementary Discipline).

    Note 7: For purposes of this rule, "contact," whether incidental or otherwise, shall mean any contact that is made between or among a goalkeeper and attacking player(s), whether by means of a stick or any part of the body.

    Note 8: The above-stated standards relating to when a goal will be disallowed will be applied in all situations in which the puck enters the net regardless of whether it was directed into the net by the attacking or defensive team.

    Crease Situation Examples

    The goalkeeper is in the goal crease:

    A. An attacking player is standing in the goal crease when the puck enters the crease then crosses the goal line. In no way does he affect the goalkeeper's ability to defend his goal. -- Goal.

    B. An attacking player makes incidental contact with the goalkeeper, however, no goal is scored on the play. -- Play Continues, No Whistle.

    C. An attacking player makes incidental contact with the goalkeeper at the same time a goal is being scored. -- No Goal.

    D. An attacking player makes other than incidental contact with the goalkeeper, however, no goal is scored on the play. -- A minor penalty, plus assessment of whatever other penalties may be appropriate up to and including Supplementary Discipline.

    E. An attacking player makes other than incidental contact with the goalkeeper at the time a goal is being scored. -- No goal, and a minor and/or major penalty, plus assessment of whatever other penalties may be appropriate up to and including Supplementary Discipline.

    The goalkeeper is out of the goal crease:

    A. An attacking player makes incidental contact with the goalkeeper, however, no goal is scored on the play. -- Play Continues, No Whistle

    B. An attacking player makes incidental contact with the goalkeeper at the time a goal is scored. -- Goal

    C. An attacking player makes other than incidental contact with the goalkeeper, however, no goal is scored on the play. -- A minor and/or major penalty, plus assessment of whatever other penalties may be appropriate up to and including Supplementary Discipline.

    D. An attacking player makes other than incidental contact with the goalkeeper at the time a goal is being scored. -- No goal, and a minor and/or major penalty, plus assessment of whatever other penalties may be appropriate up to and including Supplementary Discipline.

    A defending player pushes, shoves, or fouls an attacking player into the goalkeeper, who is in or out of the goal crease:

    A. The attacking player, after having made a reasonable effort to avoid contact, makes contact with the goalkeeper at the time a goal is scored. -- Goal.

    B. The contact by the attacking player with the goalkeeper is other than incidental and the attacking player, in the judgment of the Referee, did not make a reasonable effort to avoid such contact. However, no goal is scored on the play. -- A minor and/or major penalty, plus assessment of whatever other penalties may be appropriate up to and including Supplementary Discipline.

    C. The contact by the attacking player with the goalkeeper is other than incidental and the attacking player, in the judgment of the Referee, did not make a reasonable effort to avoid such contact at the time a goal is being scored. -- No goal, and a minor and/or major penalty, plus assessment of hatever other penalties may be appropriate up to and including SupplementaryDiscipline.

    Battle for loose puck with the goalkeeper while the goalkeeper is in or out of the goal crease:

    A. An attacking player makes incidental contact with the goalkeeper while both are attempting to play a loose puck at the time a goal is being scored. -- Goal.

    B. An attacking player makes other than incidental contact with the goalkeeper while both are attempting to play a loose puck at the time a goal is scored. -- No goal, and a minor and/or major penalty, plus assessment of whatever other penalties may be appropriate up to and including Supplementary Discipline.

    C. An attacking player makes other than incidental contact with the goalkeeper while both are attempting to play a loose puck, however, no goal is scored on the play. -- A minor and/or major penalty, plus assessment of whatever other penalties may be appropriate up to and including Supplementary Discipline.

    Screening situations:

    A. An attacking player skates in the crease in front of the goalkeeper, at the same time a goal is being scored. The attacking player remains in motion and does not maintain a significant position in the crease in front of the goalkeeper. -- Goal.

    B. An attacking player skates in the crease in front of the goalkeeper, however, no goal is scored on the play. The attacking player, whether he is in motion or not,establishes a significant position in the crease in front of the goalkeeper obstructing the goalkeeper's vision and impairing his ability to defend his goal. -- Play Continues, No Whistle.

    C. An attacking player skates in front of the goalkeeper, inside the crease, at the same time a goal is being scored. The attacking player remains in motion and impairs the goalkeeper's ability to defend his goal. -- No Goal.

    D. An attacking player skates in front of the goalkeeper, outside the crease, at the same time a goal is being scored. The attacking player remains in motion and impairs the goalkeeper's ability to defend his goal. -- Goal.

    E. An attacking player plants himself within the goal crease, as to obstruct the goalkeeper's vision and impair visibility to defend his goal, and a goal is scored. -- No Goal.

    F. An attacking player plants himself outside the goal crease, as to obstruct the goalkeeper's vision and impair visibility to defend his goal, and a goal is scored. -- Goal.

    G. An attacking player enters the goal crease and by his actions, physically or otherwise disrupts the goalkeeper, impairing the goalkeeper's ability to defend his goal, and a goal is scored. -- No Goal.


    Crowding the goalkeeper:

    A. A goalkeeper initiates contact with an attacking player to establish position in the crease and the attacking player vacates the position immediately. No goal is scored on the play. -- Play Continues, No Whistle.

    B. A goalkeeper initiates contact with an attacking player to establish position in the crease and the attacking player does not vacate the position, however, no goal is scored on the play. A possible penalty depends on the Referee's judgment as to the degree of contact and degree of resistance with the attacking player and whether the goalkeeper was truly trying to establish a position. -- Minor Penalty.

    C. A goalkeeper initiates contact with an attacking player in the crease to establish position and the attacking player vacates the position immediately at the time a goal is scored. Even though the attacking player vacates his position immediately, the contact impairs the goalkeeper's ability to defend his goal. -- No Goal.

    D. A goalkeeper initiates contact with an attacking player to establish position in the crease and the attacking player refuses to give ground, however, no goal is scored on the play. -- Minor Penalty.

    E. A goalkeeper initiates contact with an attacking player to establish position in the crease and the attacking player refuses to give ground at the time a goal is scored. -- No Goal - minor penalty is not assessed, loss of the goal only.

    F. A goalkeeper deliberately initiates contact with an attacking player other than to establish position in the crease, or otherwise acts to make unnecessary contact with the attacking player. -- Minor Penalty to Goalkeeper (slashing, etc.).

    G. A goalkeeper initiates contact with an attacking player to establish position in the crease by using excessive force or acting in a manner which would otherwise warrant a penalty, and the attacking player refuses to give ground at the time a goal is scored. -- No Goal, Coincidental Minors (goalkeeper/attacking player).

    H. A goalkeeper initiates contact with an attacking player to establish position in the crease by using excessive force or acting in a manner which would otherwise warrant a penalty, and the attacking player vacates the crease at the time a goal is scored. -- No Goal, Minor Penalty to Goalkeeper.

    I. A goalkeeper initiates contact with an attacking player to establish position in the crease by using excessive force or acting in a manner which would otherwise warrant a penalty and the attacking player vacates the crease, but no goal is scored. -- Minor Penalty to Goalkeeper.

    Other situations

    An attacking player initiates contact with the goalkeeper, inside or outside the goal crease, in a fashion that would otherwise warrant a penalty (e.g. "runs" the goalkeeper). -- Appropriate penalty (minor and/or major and a game misconduct) and subject to additional sanctions as appropriate, pursuant to Rule 33 A (Supplementary Discipline).

    A defensive player directs the puck into his own net while an attacking player initiates contact with the goalkeeper. -- No Goal, and a minor and/or major penalty, plus assessment of whatever other penalties may be appropriate up to and including Supplementary Discipline.

    A defensive player directs the puck into his own net while an attacking player is standing in the goal crease. In no way does the attacking player affect the goalkeeper's ability to make the save. -- Goal.



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