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Alpine Skiing

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EVENTS

Downhill
Downhill competitors reach the fastest speeds of the alpine events, traveling at 80 mph. The course follows the contour of the mountain. Men and women compete in separate events. At the 2002 Salt Lake Games, the starting elevation will be 2,831 meters for the men's course and 2,748 meters for the women's.

Skiers encounter lips and drop-offs that lead to jumps. They change speeds throughout the race. Skiers must pass through red gates, which consist of four slalom poles and two flags. The gates must be at least 8 meters wide with red cloth panels about .75 meters wide and 1 meter tall. There is no set number of required gates, but they are few and far between.

Competitors take one run down the course, and the individual with the fastest time wins. Athletes with the same time are considered tied.

Super-G
The super giant slalom, or super-G, combines the speed of the downhill with the turns of the slalom. Competitors pick up speed over a long course with gates to break up the descent. The course, shorter than the downhill and longer than the giant slalom, is undulating and hilly. Men and women compete in separate events. At Salt Lake, the starting elevation will be 2,590 meters for the men's course and 2,545 meters for the women.

The course has a minimum of 35 gates for men and 30 for women. Skiers must pass through the gates, which consist of four slalom poles and two flags that alternate between red and blue. The banners must be about 75 cm wide and 50 cm tall. The gates are placed at least 25 meters apart.

Skiers take one run down the course, and the individual with the fastest time wins. Athletes with the same time are considered tied.

Giant Slalom
Giant slalom has wider, smoother turns than the super-G and is longer and faster than the slalom. The course terrain is undulating and hilly. Men and women compete in separate events. At Salt Lake, the starting elevation for the course will be 2,500 meters.

The number of gates equals 11 percent to 15 percent of the vertical drop in meters. Skiers must pass through the gates, which consist of four slalom poles and two flags that alternate in color. The gates must be between 4 meters and 8 meters wide and placed at least 10 meters apart.

Giant slalom athletes take two runs down two different courses on the same slope, and the individual with the fastest total time wins. Athletes with the same time are considered tied.

Slalom
Slalom skiers encounter a series of rapid turns. The course is the shortest of the alpine events, with gates placed close together on hard snow. Men and women compete in separate events. At Salt Lake, the starting elevation will be 2,484 meters for the men's course and 2,473 meters for the women.

Skiers must pass through gates, which consist of two slalom poles. The gates alternate in color and must be between 4 meters and 6 meters wide and placed at least .75 meters apart. The men's course has 55 to 75 gates and the women's event has 45 to 65 gates.

Slalom competitors take two runs down two different courses on the same slope, and the individual with the fastest total time wins. Athletes with the same time are considered tied.

Combined
Combined skiers complete one downhill and then two slalom runs. Men and women compete in separate events. At Salt Lake, the combined courses will be shorter than the ones used for the standard events.

The combined downhill events will take place on the downhill course but at different starting points. Men will begin at the women's downhill starting point and women will begin below this site. The combined slalom events will be set up on the downhill course, with women starting below the men.

The times from the downhill and two slalom runs are added together, with the fastest total determining the winner. Athletes with the same time are considered tied.

 


 
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