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Clive Brunskill/Allsport
 
Cross Country Skiing

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EVENTS

1.5-km Sprint
Competitors race on a 1.5-km course. Athletes can use any style of skiing, so they utilize the faster freestyle technique that resembles a skating motion. The course must be 6 meters to 10 meters wide with few sharp corners, providing equal conditions for all skiers.

Cross-country courses are one-third rolling (undulating) countryside with short climbs and downhills, one-third uphill with gradients between 9 percent and 18 percent, and one-third downhill. The three sections help break up the race and decrease its monotony. The course should be laid through woodland wherever possible.

Sprint athletes use freestyle cross-country skis that are short, stiff and have curved tips. The skis are longer and lighter than those used in alpine events.

Men and women have separate events.

10-km Classic
Women race on a 10-km course using the classic style, or traditional straight strides along a grooved track. For all classic events, the tracks must be 2 cm to 5 cm deep and set 17 cm to 30 cm apart. Athletes use light classical skis that arch in the middle and have longer tips with more of a curve than freestyle cross-country skis. The skis are longer and lighter than those used in alpine events.

15-km Classic
Men race on a 15-km course using the classic style.

15-km Freestyle
Women race on a 15-km course using any type of skiing. In all freestyle events, the course must be well packed for a width of at least 4 meters.

30-km Freestyle
Men race on a 30-km course using any style of skiing.

30-km Classic
Women race on a 30-km course using the classic style.

50-km Classic
Men race on a 50-km course using the classic style.

Combined Pursuit
Women race on a 5-km course using the classic style, then compete in a 5-km freestyle race. The two events are held on the same day. The course must be well packed for a width of at least 6 meters.

Men race on a 10-km course using the classic style, then compete in a 10-km freestyle race. The two events are held on the same day.

4X5 Relay
Four female skiers participate on a team. Each athlete skis one of the four 5-km relay legs, the first two in classic style and the last two in freestyle. The exchange zone should be 15 meters wide and 45 meters long and prepared so that competitors can travel slow enough to permit a clean exchange.

4X10 Relay
Four male skiers participate on a team. Each athlete skis one of the four 10-km relay legs, the first two in classic style and the last two in freestyle.

 


 
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