Posted: Tue January 21, 2014 11:13AM; Updated: Tue January 21, 2014 11:13AM

FA charges Nicolas Anelka over anti-Semitic gesture

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Nicolas Anelka
The FA charged West Brom's Nicolas Anelka over a controversial gesture that is considered to be anti-Semitic and already cost the club its jersey sponsor.
Mike Egerton/Press Association/AP

LONDON (AP) - West Bromwich Albion striker Nicolas Anelka was charged by the English Football Association on Tuesday for performing a gesture considered to be anti-Semitic while celebrating a goal.

The former France national team player has until Thursday to respond to the charge, and is facing a minimum five-game Premier League ban under the FA's anti-discrimination sanctions.

West Brom said Anelka is now ''considering his options,'' adding that its internal inquiry will conclude when the FA process is over.

The gesture, which is known in France as a ''quenelle'' and has been described as an ''inverted Nazi salute,'' involves pointing one straightened arm downward while touching the shoulder with the opposite hand.

It was popularized by a French comedian whose performances are considered anti-Semitic. Dieudonne M'Bala M'Bala denies anti-Semitism claims, but he has been convicted multiple times for inciting racial hatred or anti-Semitism over the years.

This month, Dieudonne agreed to abandon a controversial show banned in several French cities after angering the government.

Anti-racism group Kick It Out said the FA has ''spent a longer time than desirable'' before charging Anelka over the incident in the globally-televised soccer match against West Ham on Dec. 28.

Anelka said after the West Ham game that the gesture was meant to show support for Dieudonne, and it was ''anti-system'' rather than anti-Semitic.

It prompted outrage from Jewish groups, and West Brom's shirt sponsor announced it won't be renewing their deal when it expires at the end of this season as a result of the controversy.

The 34-year-old Anelka had already agreed not to perform the gesture again but has not apologized.

''Anelka made a gesture which was abusive and/or indecent and/or insulting and/or improper,'' the FA said in a statement. ''It is further alleged that this is an aggravated breach ... that it included a reference to ethnic origin and/or race and/or religion or belief.''

MORE: Anelka's gesture costs West Brom main sponsor

The FA introduced a minimum five-game ban for racism last year in the wake of high-profile cases that saw Liverpool striker Luis Suarez suspended for eight games and Chelsea captain John Terry for four.

A three-person FA independent regulatory commission will deal with Anelka's case, and the European Jewish Congress is demanding ''the strongest punishment possible.''

''The FA must send a very strong message that offenses made against the Jewish community should be treated in the same away as offenses against any other minority,'' EJC President Moshe Kantor said.

''Anti-Semitism is a growing phenomenon in Europe, and in particular surrounding football stadiums, and hate against Jews, as with any other type of hate and intolerance, should be stamped out without demonstrating leniency to the perpetrators.''

Anelka is one of the most talented and controversial soccer players France has produced since Manchester United great Eric Cantona. After growing up in a Parisian suburb, Anelka started his career at Paris Saint-Germain and was quickly spotted by Arsenal manager Arsene Wenger, who signed him in 1997.

Known for his immense technical skills, Anelka played a big partin helping the Gunners win both the Premier League and the FA Cup in 1998 but missed out on a place in the France team that won the World Cup that year.

Anelka's sometimes nonchalant attitude and apparent lack of commitment to the team started to anger the Arsenal fans, who gave him the nickname ''Le Sulk.''

Anelka then joined Real Madrid, where he won the Champions League, before moving to PSG, Liverpool, Manchester City, Fenerbahce, Bolton and Chelsea, where he won the Premier League title.

Anelka caused the biggest controversy of his career representing France when he was sent home from the 2010 World Cup after insulting then-coach Raymond Domenech in the dressing room.

His reputation had reached its nadir, but the stubborn Anelka refused to apologize and ended his international career in the wake of the scandal with 14 goals in 69 appearances.

Copyright 2014 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

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