I wish to nominate a Sportswoman of the Year: Chris von Saltza, of the Santa Clara Swim Club. Even though she didn't do anything spectacular this year, she showed her great sportsmanship at the national swimming and diving championships in Philadelphia. To scratch out of an event, where she had her last chance to show to the onrush of young stars that she still had her Olympic touch, and give a teammate a better chance at making the team and representing her country abroad was by far the greatest showing of sportsmanship I have seen in a long time.
MICHAEL A. CONNERS
FITNESS (FOR THE LAZY)
The current interest in isometric exercises is very pleasing. However, I should like to add a word of caution to the exercise series you published with my recommendations (Get Trim and Strong in Seconds, Dec. 4). Isometrics are not a cure-all and without proper evaluation and use this type of exercise may do more harm than good. Most individuals, especially those who lead rather sedentary lives, should include exercises in their daily programs that stress cardiovascular and muscular-endurance work as well as body-strengthening exercises.
Our laboratory here at Southern Illinois University is interested in all types of exercises. However, we have been primarily concerned with developing a measuring method, called multiple-angle testing, which is used to evaluate muscular strength and which aids in determining what exercise to prescribe.
Most people don't like to exercise. Therefore, we have been trying to develop an exercise supplement. Since this program is based on the individual's needs, it becomes meaningful and requires less time, as only the exercise that is necessary is applied.
JAY A. BENDER
Professor of Physical Education
The really new idea is not isometric contraction but how much of any kind of contraction, i.e., with or without movement, is necessary to cause a muscle to grow stronger. Because the amount of contraction can be best measured when the exercise is isometric, Professor M�ller of Dortmund, Germany employed this form of contraction in his studies begun in the 1940s. It was this work that led to the hard-to-believe finding that if a muscle is contracted just once a day to something like 40% to 60% of its maximal ability, that muscle will grow in strength just as fast as it can grow.
ARTHUR H. STEINHAUS
Professor of Physiology and Dean
George Williams College