Backspin—or bile, as it is often called—is essential for a short approach shot hit to a green that is protected by hazards in front, or when the flagstick is placed in the forward portion of the green. It is hard for a weekend player to get backspin every time he wants it, because he simply does not play enough to master this kind of shot. There are, however, certain things you can do to help produce bite. First, the lie must be a good one, so that no grass gets between the ball and the face of the club. The ball should be positioned opposite the left heel, and the club face turned open just a bit at address. The swing should be made with a slight cutting action at the point where the club head comes into the hitting area. You can do this. Don't be afraid to try it. The sharper the angle at which the club head comes into the ball the more backspin will be produced, so the swing should be a very upright one. Using a wedge, I pick the club practically straight up and then bring it down sharply into the back of the ball. The club head must be moving very fast at impact, so it is important to apply a great deal of power in the hitting zone with the right hand. It is just as vital, however, that the right hand and wrist do not roll over the left until well into the follow-through. The hands must move straight out toward the target or the ball will be hit with a closed face and all sign of bite will be yanked out of the shot.