Second inning—grand slam home run
Third inning—grand slam home run
Fifth inning—walked and scored
Sixth inning—home run, nobody on
Seventh inning—grand slam home run
In Nichols' 26-1 victory Ritchie scored five runs, drove in 13. He also pitched the last inning and struck out two batters.
SOUND MIND, HOME RUN
Acting on the theory that athletes have souls as well as bodies, more than 400 delegates from 38 countries have just attended the International Congress of Psychology of Sport in Rome, where they heard Pope Paul VI advise them that sport, among other things, helps "to make one master of oneself."
More than 250 papers were submitted in the general area of six basic topics—psychodynamics, psychophysiology, psychopathology, school sport, feminine sport, military sport—and observers detected three trends among the participants. Physiologists are branching out from the study of pure muscular and circulatory endurance into motivational research. Psychologists are becoming increasingly interested in sport. And coaches more than ever are applying psychology in their work. Uniting them was the common conviction that the study of athletic performance is not limited to muscle and tissue but must include brain and spirit as well. To develop today's athlete into tomorrow's superathlete involves getting inside him and seeing what makes him tick.
Psychologists reported that the more famous the athlete, the greater his determination to exceed past performances. Some athletes, however, are afflicted with nikephobia, a fear of victory—due, the psychologists say, to unconscious feelings of guilt about being first. Another type of anxiety was that found in a fellow who disdained making friends with competing athletes because it weakened his resolve to beat them. Then there is the "psychology of winning," which results in achievements hitherto considered impossible, like the four-minute mile.
In other words, a couch for every coach.
SPEEDUP IN THE DOME
The Houston Astros have been making a serious effort to reduce the length of games this spring. Manager Luman Harris and General Manager Paul Richards, conducting their own time and motion study, figured they could shorten games by 25 minutes. They cut down on throwing the ball around the infield after every out. Batters step right into the box as soon as the inning begins. Catchers called in from the bullpen to pinch-hit get the word early enough so that the game is not held up until they arrive. No longer do catchers throw the ball to second base before the start of an inning.
Seven of Houston's first 15 games lasted more than three hours.