About an hour into
the interview at BALCO, Novitzky emerged from the conference room with a smile
on his face. " Conte just gave up everything, he just cashed in
everybody," Novitzky told his colleagues, mentioning Bonds and Jones in
particular. There was no tape made of the interview.
In their search
for evidence the agents found the ledger in Conte's office--listing the names
of athletes, the specific drugs they were using, their blood and urine-test
results and their testosterone-to-epitestosterone ratios (a key reading for
drug testers). They also found documents detailing lab work performed for
various athletes, apparently as part of Conte's trace mineral-testing
At 2:16 Larry
Bowers, a USADA expert, joined Novitzky, Conte, Columbet and an IRS CI
photographer for the search of Conte's storage locker. There, they hit the
mother lode. Conte helped the agents pull out several boxes of drugs, including
his supplies of the Cream and the latest version of the Clear, a designer
steroid unknown to testers until USADA had received a sample of it sent
anonymously. Bowers reflected on his days running an Olympic drug-testing lab
in Indianapolis, when he and other scientists mused about whether somebody
could be out there creating designer drugs that would go undetected: This is
it, he thought.
directed the agents to two banker's boxes filled with files on his athlete
clients. The files contained calendars as well as testing and payment
records--essentially diaries detailing the extent of the cheating, down to the
day and the dose.
At 3:24, while the
search of the locker was wrapping up, Novitzky and Columbet took Conte back to
BALCO. Conte kept talking. He provided, among other things, an outline of the
alphabet used on the calendars.
At 3:59 Novitzky
and Columbet brought Conte back to the reception area. Now it was Jim Valente's
turn. Valente gave the agents a statement that mirrored Conte's but without the
hyperbole or slipperiness. Valente also offered additional insights. He
explained that he was the contact for Greg Anderson, who had become the BALCO
connection for baseball players. Valente delivered BALCO drugs and invoices to
In addition to the
Cream and the Clear, Anderson supplied his ballplayers with human growth
hormone and testosterone cypionate, Valente told the agents. Valente said Bonds
had received the Cream and the Clear directly from BALCO on "a couple of
occasions," but the Giants outfielder didn't like the way the Clear made
Then the agents
turned their attention to Anderson. They found him in a nearby gym and told him
they had a warrant to search his home and car. Did the trainer want to come
along, observe the search and perhaps answer some questions?
Anderson agreed to
speak with the agents but was more guarded than Conte and Valente. When he
began talking, Anderson would only admit that he gave "a small amount of
steroids to people." While he talked, agents searching the residence found
more than $60,000 in cash inside a safe above the microwave.
Anderson said he
had been working with professional athletes since about 1997. His baseball
clients included Barry Bonds. At first he said he provided steroids only to
bodybuilders but then admitted he supplied them to other athletes as well. He
didn't want to name names.