Play started at 6:45 a.m., when William King of Ford's Dearborn plant teed off as the first man of the first foursome. King, a Negro, had finished fourth in the Dearborn elimination tourney ( Ford playoffs involved 3,000 golfers and began last June), and was started first to avoid any possible question of race prejudice arising in the crowded, fast-moving tournament. Thereafter came teams of such industrial giants as Allis-Chalmers of Terre Haute, Milwaukee and Norwood, Ohio; four more Ford Company teams; three from General Electric; two from Firestone; two from U.S. Steel; a Caterpillar Tractor team from Peoria; teams from Goodrich of Akron, Eaton Manufacturing of Cleveland, Frigidaire of Dayton, General Motors of Pontiac, Hercules Motors of Canton, Johnson Motors of Waukegan, Minneapolis-Honeywell, Procter & Gamble, Sinclair Refining, Studebaker-Packard, Timken Roller Bearing, National Lead and the Goodyear Atomic Corporation of Portsmouth, Ohio.
The presence of these top golfers from the 2,000,000-odd employees of the 88 corporations represented indicates how important factory teams have become in what press agents still bleakly refer to as industrial recreation programs.
The Midwest Industrial Golf Tournament started in 1946 with teams from 13 companies. Its opposite number in the East (there is none in the Far West) started in 1950, had 20 teams entered last year, and will have 35 teams playing next week in its finals at Sinking Spring near Reading, Pa. Golf is one of the major sporting activities encouraged by American companies, along with softball, bowling and basketball; and of the 30,000 companies that have recreation programs, more than 15,000 include golf. Eighty corporations have their own golf courses and one, International Business Machines, operates four country clubs for its employees.
If play of the quality shown last week at Canton continues, industrial golf may presently be taken seriously in sporting terms rather than as an adjunct to better management-employee relations. When the Midwest tournament ended in wind and rain Sunday evening General Electric Jet Engines had a record low 567; Republic Steel of Massillon had a 579, and Harry Olson was medalist with 138 for 36 holes, only four strokes off the tournament record.
TOKKO IN TOKYO
The Japanese swimmers who have been kicking spray in the faces of some of the members of Coach Bob Kiphuth's touring American team are part of the greatest Japanese team since the 1932 Los Angeles Olympics, when Japan took five of six main events. So far as Yale's famed coach is concerned, they are the team to watch next year at Melbourne.
Kiphuth has been especially impressed by Masaru Furukawa, the sensational breaststroke champion, and Jiro Nagasawa, who revolutionized butterfly swimming in Japan by introducing the dolphin kick. Nagasawa, in fact, will join Kiphuth at Yale on a scholarship.
This year Furukawa changed his style, developing his submarine work to a point where he now takes the first 40 yards underwater, submerged about 16 inches.
"He has skill in surfacing so as not to lose momentum," Kiphuth explained. "American and European breaststrokers have glided too long. Furukawa in surfacing eliminates the glide, substitutes it with a pull and immediately dives under again."
Kiphuth and his boys studied Furukawa's technique for a while, then tried it out.