Dawn Fraser, 18-year-old Australian lass, stoked up on four sugar-coated doughnuts, entered North Sydney 55-yard pool and broke world's oldest swimming record (1:4.6 100-meter women's freestyle mark set in 1936) with 1:4.5 clocking (Feb. 21). Feat was all the more remarkable because she swam 110 yards—23 inches farther than required length. Dawn came back like thunder at week's end to better two more world's freestyle standards, covering 200 meters in 2:20.6 and 220 yards in 2:21.2 (Feb. 25).
Jim Golliday, Northwestern sprinter, barreled 60 yards in six seconds flat at Madison, Wis. for world's indoor dirt track record, a mark which had long been as fugitive as four-minute mile (Feb. 25).
Al Wiggins, strapping Ohio State junior, swam 200-yard individual medley in 2:08.2 at Columbus for American record (Feb. 25).
TRACK AND FIELD
Manhattan, parlaying depth and balance, offset runner-up Villanova's five firsts to defend successfully their IC4A title at New York 36-34. Meet hinged on two-mile, where Manhattan's Bob Sbarra, figured no better than third, stormed up behind George King to take second, co-favored Alex Breckenridge of Villanova falling back to fourth. Ron Delany, the righteous Irishman, for whom "winning is the t'ing," and slow clocking no sin, accomplished both again in 4:11.4 mile. Arnie Sowell, running easy as water, took 1,000 and anchored victorious Pitt two-mile relay team to meet-record 7:40. Among other meet record breakers: Albert Hall of Cornell in 35-pound weight throw (62 feet 8� inches); Villanova's Don Bragg in pole vault (15 feet 2 inches) and King (9:07).
Archie Moore, fleshy (197 pounds) light heavyweight champion, trudged after backward-reeling Howard King at San Francisco to score easy win in first bout since Rocky Marciano knocked him and his Sweet Science textbook for a loop last September.
Ben Green, 71-year-old British referee who gifted Peter Waterman with bizarre decision over Kid Gavilan (SI, Feb. 20), had his license revoked by Britain's Boxing Board of Control. Result will remain on record, however.
Youth shored up boxing's infirm frame with lively doings during week. Rising 24-year-old Heavyweight Johnny Summerlin beat Young Jack Johnson at Los Angeles; in Boston 141-pound Walt Byars, 21, befuddled Rookie of Year Bobby Murphy, handing him first loss; 161-pound Rory Calhoun, 21, remained unbeaten, TKOing Angelo Defendis at New York; Lightweight Ralph Dupas, 20, split-decisioned Hoacine Khalfi in New Orleans.
Needles, making most of five-pound weight allowance accorded Florida-bred horses, stepped out in stretch under light sticking by Jockey Dave Erb to win $148,800 Flamingo Stakes at Hialeah by 2� lengths (see page 22).