There was nothing quite so dramatic about the Rev. Bob Richards' pole vault victory except that he beat a very good man in teammate Bob Gutowski and became the first defending Olympic champion to repeat here at Melbourne in 1956. Richards' height was 14 feet 11� inches, which broke his own Olympic record by one-half inch but failed to achieve the 15-foot standard he has made over 100 times during a brilliant career. Gutowski vaulted 14 feet 10� inches. The tall young Greek, Georgios Roubanis, who now goes to school at UCLA, was third.
Despite this onslaught by the U.S.A. on Olympic records, however, it remained for a dark-haired young Norwegian named Egil Danielsen to give track and field its first world mark. He came to Melbourne with the second best javelin throw in history, only a little more than three inches behind Janusz Sidlo's world record of 274 feet 5� inches. Here, on his third-from-last attempt, the 23-year-old Norseman sailed the slim white spear out into the air far down the field past the line indicating the old Olympic record, past the line indicating the world record and into the ground, where it stood quivering at 281 feet 2� inches.
So finally the band director got a rest. No Star-Spangled Banner this time. In fact, there wasn't even an American on the victory stand: Danielsen of Norway first, Sidlo of Poland second, Tsibulenko of Russia third.
There was one more final on Monday, and although it wasn't in the men's division at all it was probably the most important of the Games to most of the 100,000 in the stands, for it brought Australia her first gold medal. Blonde Betty Cuthbert out-legged German Fr�ulein Christa Stubnick, who had a marked advantage when it came time to breast the tape but just couldn't quite get there in time, and Betty's teammate, Marlene Mathews, to win the 100 meters.
As far as Australia was concerned, at this moment, and not a second before, the 1956 Olympic Games became a success.