trend in this respect is the diversion of athletic receipts to finance the
scholarship program. Whereas no school is understood to have employed athletic
receipts for this purpose in 1946, five schools do so at present and those five
are now contributing an average of $35,000 annually to funds for unearned aid
to athletes. An interesting footnote here is that one of these schools began
this diversion in 1952 with $15,000 and has now doubled that amount annually;
another began with $15,000 last year and plans an increase to $45,000 by next
by athletic departments as a means of subsidizing athletes likewise has
definitely increased. It is estimated that athletic department payrolls for
student help now average in excess of $46,300 annually, representing well over
four times the payrolls estimated in 1946....
characteristic of many work programs, for both on-campus and off-campus jobs,
that they are not on an hourly-rated pay basis, but are for specified sums per
month. Wherever this characteristic appears it is evident that an assured
income, through work, has been tendered a boy as a part of his initial
FOR ATHLETES: "Virtually any prospective athlete can find acceptance at
some Conference institution. This is not to say that there is any general
laxity in observing entrance requirements. But it is significant that the
special devices available for entrance seem not to be missed where an athlete
is concerned. It is true that, by and large, those individuals with
questionable entrance qualifications become academic casualties at some point
after matriculation, indicating no special academic indulgence for athletes.
But the very fact of their acceptance as bad academic risks has done a
disservice to the Conference, to the institution involved, and to athletics as
a whole; not to say to the boy himself.
on the number of athletes enrolled in schools of physical education do not
support a generalized statement that those curricula are being used as an
academic refuge. Nevertheless, it has been observed that athletes who encounter
difficulties in other courses of study do switch to physical education to build
up their grade-point averages for eligibility. Moreover, the same thing is done
to qualify for unearned financial aid."
ATHLETES AND ATHLETICS WITH STUDENT BODY: "The Committee is concerned to
observe what it considers to be a discernible trend in the direction of
isolating the athlete in the eyes of his fellow students as a
non-representative student. This trend is promoted by the special recruitment
and subsidization efforts which have been analyzed above. It is further
aggravated by the conscious or unconscious regimentation of the athlete in his
training for competitive excellence. It has not advanced to the point of
establishing separate dormitories for athletes on any extensive basis, but
there is that possibility.
discerned a diminishing pride of students in 'their' teams. The residual
interest possessed by student bodies at large is centered on the spectacle
aspects of competition. There is, for example, less and less manifestation of
spontaneous interest such as the traditional student rally of past years. There
is believed to be a waning of 'sportsmanship' as an ideal, reflected in
increasing crowd behavior problems, notably at basketball games....
also noted a trend departing from the philosophy of providing intercollegiate
competition opportunities on the broadest possible basis which should be the
cornerstone of any athletic program. This departure is typified by abandonment
of 150-pound and junior varsity football programs in the Conference, due,
apparently, to administrative disinterest in them, for it cannot be argued that
there is insufficient student interest. This spring 1,104 students reported for
spring football practice in the Conference. Not more than 600 will be invited
to take part in fall practice, leaving the demonstrated interest of at least
500 completely unsatisfied.
"It may be
said, in fact, that there is increasing relative neglect of all sports that are
not revenue-making or publicity-producing for the school. There are actually
fewer team entries and likewise, over-all, considerably fewer individual
entries in the so-called minor sports championships conducted by the Conference
today than there were 30 years ago, notwithstanding the enormous growths of
student bodies in that period."
VIOLATION OF RULES BY ATHLETIC STAFFS: "Understanding and respect for rules
must be the basis for rules adherence.... Lack of understanding and respect may
be traced to two factors: an attitude of studied evasion and the fact that the
premises of the rules are nowhere clearly stated.