Russian athletes set world, European records as Moscow Spartakiada closed: Unexpectedly strong 400-meter medley relay team clipped nearly full second off world record for non-Olympic event, swimming distance in 4:14.8; Vasily Kuznetsov amassed 7,728 points in decathlon to better European record, come within 257 points of Rafer Johnson's world mark (Aug. 15); Mikhail Lavrov walked 20,000 meters in 1:27:58.2, lowering old world standard by more than two minutes (Aug. 13).
Lieut. Parry O'Brien heaved 16-pound shot 61 feet 4� inches at Pasadena, Calif, to improve his own world standard by one half inch (Aug. 18).
Ray Booty pedaled across Cheshire, England roads against buffeting winds to second record performance in week (SI, Aug. 20), cycling 265.7 miles in 12 hours, more than 1,500 yards over old competitive mark (Aug. 13).
Maureen Murphy, 17-year-old Olympic team member, broke American 100-yard backstroke record with 1:04.8 clocking at Portland, Ore. (Aug. 16).
National AAU women's track and field championships at Philadelphia produced four American records: Earlene Brown, Compton, Calif., shotput, 45 feet; Pamela Kurrell, San Francisco, discus, 140 feet 11 inches; Bertha Diaz, Cuba, 80-meter hurdles, 11.1; Barbara Jones, Chicago Comets, 50-meter dash, 6.3 (Aug. 18).
George Breen splashed to American four-mile record of 11:32.25 in National AAU swim at Alexandria Bay, N.Y. (Aug. 19).
Milwaukee and Cincinnati met head-on in effort to resolve National League race, but despite 13 home runs by Redlegs, including record-tying eight in single game (three by sub Bob Thurman), Braves demonstrated that pitching eventually outs as they gained four-game split. Cincinnati, however, moved game and a half nearer leader with three-game sweep of Cubs. Dodgers lost series to Giants but finished 3-3 for week to remain in second, two games off pace. Giants, with Willie Mays hitting five homers in as many games, had 5-2 record, finally commenced haul up dark cellar stairs.
Yankees, with 4-3 record, retained 8�-game advantage over Cleveland as Mantle fell into worst slump of year (2 for 21). Indians swept series from fumbling A's who mathematically eliminated themselves from race. Red Sox encountered ancient nemesis, Washington, dropped four-game series to allow White Sox, who reeled off five straight before being stopped momentarily by Detroit, to achieve third place.