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You (South, with the above hand) would like to tell your partner that you have a very good spade suit but a very poor hand for playing defensively against the opponents. Because your hand is poor defensively, you would like to make it more difficult for the opponents to get together in their best suit. A one spade overcall would do neither of these things. A three spade bid might prove too costly, especially if your side is vulnerable. Formerly, a two spade bid announced a very powerful hand.
But now we employ other means to announce strength. A jump overcall may be used to better purpose as preemptive bid. So, in the new scheme of things, that is how we will handle it. It may succeed in keeping the opponents from getting together. Or it may, because pre-emptive bids often aggravate the opponents into rashness, goad the next player into making a bid that will involve his side in great trouble. This is apt to be the case where your partner holds a hand of considerable defensive values.
South should bid two spades.