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1 Caution is indicated. Partner may have little or nothing. Any raise beyond three clubs is not justified. After your raise to three clubs, if partner has hearts stopped he should take a chance on three no trump.
2 This hand contains 20 points and is, therefore, short of a two no-trump opening. On the other hand, it is too strong for a one no-trump bid. It must be opened with one of a suit, and my choice is one club. I try to avoid opening with a spade bid, whenever plausible, on hands worth 20 or more points. It is much easier for partner to respond if you open with one club.
3 My own choice is for a direct leap to five diamonds, putting the guess right up to the opposition. There may be merit to a cue bid in hearts, in anticipation of the opponents getting to a high spade contract, in which case the heart lead would be called for. A bid of four diamonds deprives the opponents of some bidding room. A pass, with the intention of bidding five diamonds if the enemy gets to game, is better than the unstrategic raise to only three diamonds.
4 Double, for a take-out. This gives partner a choice between clubs and spades. A sizable demerit should be chalked up against the choice of a bid of only one spade. Two diamonds has some merit. Your hand is worth 21 points in support of spades; 20 in support of clubs.
5 This hand is a little too good for a simple raise in clubs. Some mild effort must be made to urge partner to go on, and the best choice is one no trump, which over a club indicates from 9 to 11 points. One diamond is an alternate call but in my view is not as apt to be effective.
6 I would advise you to quit while the quitting is good. This is obviously a misfit, and the best place to play such hands is at as low a level as convenient. One more bid by you may start a barrage of doubles from the enemy. Remember four suits do not necessarily spell three no trump.
7 Six hearts. Opposite a hand containing 25 points you could hardly miss making a slam. If partner happens to have a substantial three no-trump bid with all four aces, he would be in a position to contract for a grand slam.
A bid of six no trump might work out well and has the merit of making sure a slam is bid—which a jump to five hearts does not do. Four hearts is drastically inadequate.
8 My own preference is for a bid of six clubs. On holdings of this type, scientific exploration is almost impossible. This hand might be spread for 13 tricks and might not make more than 11, but you should be willing to gamble on developing a trick in spades. Partner might have the queen. He might have three or four small ones, and in any event the opponents will have a difficult discarding problem. Because of your unusual opening bid, partner is warned against bidding seven with what may be a useless ace.
9 Discretion calls for a pass. With a partner who has announced possession of practically nothing, it is futile to carry on the fight when the most you can hope to gain is a part score. You cannot expect to win more than six tricks in your own hand, and since partner may hold a complete blank it is foolish to contract for eight tricks. There is always the danger that West may be lying in ambush waiting for you to come out in the open again. If you cannot resist the urge to act, the double offers far greater safety than a bid of two spades, which could be crippled if trumps happen to be massed in West's hand.