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Three men on a horse
William Leggett
October 19, 1959
Behind every jockey stands a man that the public seldom sees but owners know well
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October 19, 1959

Three Men On A Horse

Behind every jockey stands a man that the public seldom sees but owners know well

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RECORD OF BIG THREE IN RICH RACES

JOCKEY

YEAR

RIDES IN $100,000 RACES

IN PURSE MONEY

WINS

WILLIE SHOEMAKER

1957

27

20

10

1958

23

17

12

1959

17

14

7

EDDIE ARCARO

1957

23

18

7*

1958

15

9

3

1959

6

4

2

BILL HARTACK

1957

22

17

11

1958

8

5

2

1959

8

6

2

*Twices disqualified from first place

Harry Silbert had a good year around America's race tracks last year, and Harry is having a good year this year, too, and if one were able to look far into the future, Harry would be having good year heaped upon good year. Ever hear of Harry Silbert? Probably not. But when Harry walks through the paddocks people say, "There goes good old reliable Harry." Of course, others say, "There goes good old reprehensible Harry." For Harry is a sunglasses-and-cigar type, and Harry makes his living off a kid who is 28. Harry is a jockey's agent.

There are in America today, according to The Jockeys' Guild, some 1,200 race riders, and behind each of these stands an agent. Some agents handle two or three boys at the same time, maneuvering one against the other like conflicting marionettes. Most of these agents, and their riders as well, will spend the rest of their lives playing the smaller rooms. But once a rider starts to click at the bigger tracks, his agent becomes a very big man. Today Harry Silbert, as agent for Jockey Willie Shoemaker, Bones LaBoyne, as agent for Eddie Arcaro, and Chick Lang, as agent for Bill Hartack, are three of the most important men in American racing. They have reached the top in what is normally considered a very low profession.

This week Silbert, LaBoyne and Lang have maneuvered their clients onto the three top favorites for the richest race ever to be run in New York State, the $200,000 Champagne Stakes for 2-year-olds, Shoemaker will be riding C. V. Whitney's Tompion, Arcaro will be riding Leonard Fruchtman's Bally Ache and Hartack will be aboard Tinkham Veale II's Vital Force (although Lang and Hartack may well make a late switch and jump aboard Spring Hill Farm's Easy Spur in the $100,000 Hawthorne Gold Cup at Chicago).

These agents and their riders are gambling very little on the outcome of the Champagne. The real gamblers are the owners of the three runners that Shoemaker, Arcaro and Hartack are riding. The owners have each put up $10,000 to make their horses eligible, after having failed to keep them eligible all year long.

Their gamble is a good one, however, because as the box on the next page indicates, these three jockeys are the "money riders" of America today. They have won, among them, nine of the 15 Triple Crown races over the past five years and have been second five times. They have virtually monopolized the major 2-year-old races of recent years, having won four of the last seven Arlington Futurities (with the lowest winner's share totaling $84,410); five of the last eight Washington Park Futurities (lowest winner's share $79,710); four of the last six Hopefuls (lowest winner's share $36,700); four of the last six Belmont and Aqueduct Futurities (low winner's share $80,690); and the past three Garden States (low winner's share $155,047). The reason for the remarkably consistent success of these riders lies to a certain extent in the hands of their agents, who continually drag them off good horses and put them on better ones.

A perfect example of this is the method with which Shoemaker and Silbert have hopped from one hot horse to another. In the Kentucky Derby, you may remember, Shoemaker was on Tomy Lee, and he won in the tightest of photos over Sword Dancer. Tomy Lee was sent west. Shoemaker stayed east. Who did Shoemaker ride in the Preakness? Sword Dancer, who finished second. Shoemaker rode Sword Dancer back in the Belmont Stakes and won it, beating Bagdad three-quarters of a length. Two weeks later Bagdad was shipped to Hollywood Park for the Hollywood Derby. Who won? Bagdad. Who rode him? Shoemaker.

In order to maintain such a steady stream of stakes mounts for his jockey, an agent must talk to owners constantly and play one against the other. He must move quickly to bump a lesser boy off a mount and put his own boy on it, and he must be unconcerned about the abuse which owners and trainers put upon him.

Naturally, this is a profession for fast-dealing, thick-skinned men. It requires a glib tongue and a fast mind and many pairs of shoes, shoes to keep you moving from an outraged owner to a friendly one and then back to the first—never, never stepping on too many people at the same time.

For their swiftness, however, the agents are well paid. Most of them make 10% of their jockey's earnings, and jockeys normally get 10% of the purses they win. Actually, there is no written law in racing that says a winning jockey must get 10% of the purse. The practice was started originally as a sporting gesture on the part of the owners, but today it is a very strong unwritten law that if a rider does not receive his 10%, then the owner who denies it will have a hard time finding a rider the next time he enters a horse. The rules are quite clear on the minimum a boy should get. At Aqueduct the track rules specifically read, "In the absence of a specific contract, jockey fees shall be as follows: in races where the value to the winner is not more than $400, $5 for a losing mount and $15 for a winning mount; where the value to the winner is more than $400 and less than $900, $10 and $25; where the value to the winner is $900 and less than $1,300, $15 and $35; where the value to the winner is $1,300 or more, $20 for a losing mount, $25 for finishing third, $35 for finishing second and $50 for a winning mount."

As Harry Silbert was saying the other day, "You have to watch a lot of races and see a lot of horses run to be a successful agent. You have to keep in touch with a lot of owners and trainers at different tracks. Most of the time you try to plan your boy's mounts two weeks in advance, but in the $100,000 races you have to figure out, sometimes as far as five or six weeks ahead, just which horse your boy is going to ride. There is always the business of being constantly friendly to all people, trying hard not to get one owner mad at you because your rider cannot ride his horse."

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