? Where and when was the first race for the America's Cup?
?Off the southern coast of England in 1851.
? The only foreign entry, America, won the race and the trophy, defeating 14 British boats in an open race. How did she happen to he there?
?The Great Exhibition was being held in Britain and, since the U.S. pilot schooner was the most typical American product, members of the New York Yacht Club had America built to sail over and represent her country.
? The trophy she won is now known as the America's Cup. What was it called originally?
?The Hundred Guinea Cup—from the cost of the trophy.
? For 17 years the cup was forgotten, until Britain's James Ashbury offered to race his schooner, Cambria, against the best U.S. schooner and suggested the cup as a trophy. He lost the race in 1870 and lost again in 1871 with a new boat. How many challenges for the cup have there been, and has anyone else had more than one try at it?
?There have been 18 challenges. Three men have returned for another try. The Earl of Dunraven, who challenged in 1893 and 1895, with Valkyrie II and III; Sir Thomas Lipton, who challenged five times between 1899 and 1930 with his five Shamrocks; and T.O.M. Sopwith, who challenged in 1934 and 1937 with Endeavour and Endeavour II.
? Since 1893 the expense of building and campaigning a cup boat has required the pooled resources of a syndicate of men. Only one boat has been owned by an individual. Which one?
?Ranger in 1937. Owned by Mike Vanderbilt, and designed by Starling Burgess, Ranger used winches from Reliance of 1903, gear from Rainbow of 1934, and sails from Enterprise of 1920—all of which had been owned by a Vanderbilt syndicate. Ranger cost some $500,000 to build, and soon after the races she was sold for $10,000—for junk.