?WOMEN HORSE TRAINERS
William F. Reed's informative article about the discrimination faced by women racehorse trainers (Focus, Sept. 24) omitted an example of success that resulted in a major policy change in England, the birthplace of thoroughbred racing. In 1965 Clive Graham, then the racing correspondent for London's Daily Express, came to the U.S. for Kentucky Derby week, during which he saw a filly named Amerivan win the Kentucky Oaks, an annual race for 3-year-old fillies run the day before the Kentucky Derby. Amerivan was trained by Mary Keim, a horse owner who had received her trainer's license the previous year.
On returning to England, Graham wrote a series of articles for The Daily Express lobbying for England's Jockey Club to amend its rule prohibiting the granting of trainer's licenses to women, which the club did in 1966. Indeed, 11 years later, this all-male regulatory body admitted female members. In 1983, America's all-male Jockey Club followed suit.
New York City
?THE RUNNING GAME
Concerning Paul Zimmerman's article about the demise of the running game in the NFL (Out of the Running, Oct. 8), I believe one reason that backs today don't run like O.J. Simpson is that they aren't in the right situation. Bo Jackson plays only half the season, Eric Dickerson holds out for half the season, Herschel Walker is on a team that doesn't know how to make effective use of his talents, Barry Sanders plays in a run-and-shoot offense that is geared to passing. It is true that now no one runs like O.J., but no one ran like him before he came on the scene, either. The Juice was a once-in-a-lifetime player.
Mount Clemens, Mich.
?THE SAME MARTINI
Ralph Martini, the senior quarterback at San Jose State and your offensive player of the week (COLLEGE REPORT, Oct. 8), is. if I remember correctly, the same Ralph Martini who caught several passes, including two for touchdowns, as a freshman tight end at Brigham Young four years ago. Martini went to BYU in hopes of playing quarterback, but he was pressed into service as a tight end because of injuries to upperclassmen. Martini transferred to San Jose State in 1987, when it became clear to him in spring practice that a freshman named Ty Detmer would be the Cougars' quarterback of the future.