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May 07, 2012
How the law has evolved through 40 years of legal challenges
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May 07, 2012

Title Ix Timeline

How the law has evolved through 40 years of legal challenges

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OCT. 13, 1967:

President Johnson signs Executive Order 11375, which prohibits federal contractors from employment practices that discriminate on the basis of sex, laying the groundwork for future gender-equity legislation.

JUNE 23, 1972:

President Nixon signs into law Title IX of the Education Amendments Act, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex for all educational programs or activities that receive funding from the federal government. The law, which was designed to increase educational opportunities for women, goes into effect on July 1. Though it's now most closely associated with gender equity in sports, Title IX does not mention athletics.

MAY 20, 1974:

Texas senator John Tower sponsors an amendment that would exempt revenue sports from Title IX compliance. The Tower Amendment fails to pass in the House.

JULY 21, 1975:

The Department of Health, Education and Welfare issues regulations regarding Title IX enforcement, particularly as it applies to athletics. High schools and colleges that receive federal funds are given three years to comply.

FEB. 17, 1976:

The NCAA files a lawsuit challenging the legality of Title IX, claiming that no athletic programs receive direct federal funds. The suit is dismissed.

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