In cycling the development of the biological passport program, which monitors the fluctuation of each rider's blood parameters over a series of tests, must be making some difference: Cyclists have suddenly slowed down, and power outputs on mountain stages of the Tour de France have plummeted. But, says Scott, "the passport has forced athletes to keep these parameters in a narrow range. As a result they aren't doping as effectively as they were before."
Scott does takes some comfort in what he considers the greatest weapon against doping: a new emphasis on responsible behavior. In two cycling teams he has worked with—Team Type 1 and Team Slipstream (now Garmin-Sharp-Barracuda)—Scott saw upper management hammer home the message that part of being a member of a team is "not jeopardizing the lives and careers of the people around you."
"It was to the point," he says, "of making sure that this culture is more important than making sure the team has victories."
Investigations and ethics. Two more weapons in the ongoing war.